Hypertension, a silent killer

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Hypertension, a silent killer

Hypertension or high blood pressure is a serious medical situation which in turn aggravates health conditions concerning diseases of the heart, brain, kidney and other organ-related diseases. According to the first comprehensive global analysis of hypertension prevalence detection, treatment and management trends, the number of adults in the ages ranging from 30-79 years suffering from hypertension has spiked from 650 million to 1.28 billion over the last 30 years. In Urban Gujarat, 48.51% of men and 39.39% of women are suffering from Hypertension.

Hypertension stages –

  • Low blood pressure – less than 90/60 mm/Hg
  • Normal blood pressure – Less than 140/90 mm/Hg
  • Possible hypertension – Between 140-180/between 90-110 mm/Hg
  • Severe hypertension – Higher than 180/110 mm/Hg

Not only adults but children and teens also suffer from this health issue. For children and teens, doctors compare the blood pressure report to what is normal for other kids who are the same age, height, and sex.

Types of high blood pressure -

  • Primary or essential, excessive blood strain is the general form of excessive blood strain.
  • Secondary excessive blood strain is due to any other scientific situation or use of medical treatments

Many people who suffer from Hypertension, most are not aware of the health issue. As per WHO, 1 in 4 men and 1 in 5 women suffer from Hypertension. Interestingly, around 46% of adults with hypertension are unaware that they have it. The reason is their negligence towards their health. Also, other causes are –

  • Genetic
  • BMI
  • Lifestyle
  • Physical Changes
  • Existing health problems
  • Age
  • Stress level
  • Sodium intake

The warning signs not to avoid –

  • Early morning headaches
  • Nosebleeds
  • Irregular heart rhythms
  • Vision changes
  • Buzzing in the ears
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Confusion
  • Anxiety
  • Chest pain
  • Muscle tremors

Do you know the complications of uncontrolled hypertension?

  • Chest pain
  • Heart attack
  • Heart failure
  • An irregular heartbeat can lead to sudden death.
  • Stroke
  • Kidney failure


  • Intake of salt less than 5g daily
  • Have more fruit and vegetables
  • Increase physical activity
  • Stop drinking and smoking
  • Eat more grains

How you can take care of yourself

  • Manage stress
  • Regularly checkup